Tips & Measures to Minimize the Risk of Heart Diseases

Sangeetha P, Online Content Writer, siliconindiaSedentary lifestyle, unhealthy food habits and other addictions like smoking makes people more prone to cardiovascular diseases. According to the Lancet Health Journal's report, death rate due to cardiac ailments has increased from 15 per cent in 90s to 28 per cent in 2016. Mostly, heart diseases are spotted in individuals who are less than 70 years.

Balram Bhargava, Director General Professor, ICMR says “While it is known that non-communicable diseases have been increasing in India, a major finding of concern is that the highest rate of increase in heart disease and diabetes is in less developed states. These states already have high burden from chronic obstructive lung disease and range of infectious and childhood diseases.” (Source: The Hindu BusinessLine)

Consequently, heart disease prevention and treatment awareness are increasing among people. As a cardiovascular prevention measure individuals should focus on making a smart choice in terms of physical activity, healthy diet and other routines. On the other hand, brands have introduced heart friendly oils; organizations encourage staffs to indulge in physical activities to ensure good heart health. But, how helpful are these steps to prevent heart diseases irrespective of a person's age.
Heart Diseases Causes
Heart failure is a condition that occurs when the heart muscles become weak and incapable of pumping blood to all parts of body. Alongside, high BP, diabetics, obesity and coronary artery disease are other condition that results in heart failure, while, heart attack occurs all of a sudden when the blood supply to the heart is blocked. Additionally, family history also could be an inevitable reason for heart disease.

Early Signs of Heart Disease
Heart attack's typical signs are severe chest pain or heaviness towards the sternum or excessive sweating. These symptoms are usually encountered at the latter stage. But, such individuals could experience assorted conditions such as profuse sweating, fatigue, jaw pain, headache, nausea, breathlessness, heartburn and more right at the initial stage.

Heart Disease Prevention Tips
The ideal strategy to prevent heart disease is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. The heart healthy lifestyle includes staying away from smoking or tobacco usage, as the chemicals present in tobacco can harm one's blood vessels and heart. And smoking cigarette reduces oxygen level in the person's body and their heart would strive hard to supply oxygen to their brain & body. Straining the heart would eventually increase heart rate and blood pressure resulting in heart disease.

Physical activity must become a part of one's daily routine. Researches indicate that a minimum of 150 minutes of moderate workout could aid in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol. Thus, it is best to start with shorter duration of comfortable workout type such as walking, aerobics, jogging and more. In Addition to workout, indulging in other minor household chores such as domestic assistance, gardening and more would keep the individual active.

Furthermore, healthy diet plays a crucial role in protecting one's heart health. As a measure to reduce blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetics, a healthy diet plan that includes fruits, vegetables, fish, Lean meat, fat-free dairy products, and whole grains should be consumed. Likewise, certain foods that deteriorate the health condition such as sugar, salt, junk food, alcohol, consumption has to be reduced.