Increasing Trend of Bariatric Surgery in India and Why It Should be the Last Resort

Sangeetha P, Content Writer, siliconindiaThough India stands first in underweight, it is also one among the top five in obesity. Obesity is escalating as a pandemic across the country. A recent study reports that nearly 135 million individual are been affected by obesity in India. The extended working hours, sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet, medications and even genetics are serving as the root cause for India to slowly evolve as a global capital of obesity.

Apart from affecting ones health, obesity also has a vital impact on not just the person’s economy but the entire nation. Obesity epidemic induces a bunch of several other serious health conditions such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, diabetics, stroke, sleep apnea, infertility, depression, asthma and arthritis. Sequentially, this has a direct influence on the economy in terms of medical bills, productivity cost, transportation charges and human capital cost. Employees availing leaves for these issues would significantly affect the productivity of the team and then the company; this also contributes to the financial loss of the nation.

Prevailing Bariatric Surgery Fashion
A person would not be diagnosed with obesity overnight, but it steadily
builds up over a period of time. In certain cases, it would be late by the time they even realize that their BMI has already exceeded 40 and they are obese now.Out of laziness or no other options left, people tend to opt for easy method of weight loss such as bariatric surgery. It is of two types, restrictive and malabsorptive; the first one restricts the size of the stomach and slows down the digestion process, while the second is an invasive method which involves physical removal of parts of digestive tract to reduce the calories absorption.

The Google trends report that India stands second in searching information on bariatric surgery and the number of people undergoing bariatric procedures, has escalated from just 200 in 2004 to over 20,000 in 2019, according to Obesity Surgery Society of India. These treatments have seen over 50 percent hike in a decade.

Pros and Cons of Bariatric Surgery
Though these procedures seem to be very simple than the traditional method of weight loss, it brings in a bundle of complication and trouble along with the weight loss such as infection, excessive bleeding, breathing issues could be its short term problems. While nausea, abdominal hernias and malnutrition could be the issues to deal with in the longer run. Bariatric has also recorded about three percent of life threatening complications such as pulmonary embolism (blood clot in lung artery), bleeding ulcers and even heart attacks. Therefore, it would be ideal to avoid such horrifying procedures, except for the few who weigh around 100kg and above, and this is the only possibility for their survival.

It is famously said that prevention is better than cure. Instead of ending up in such atrocious scenario, one can opt for regular activity and make it a point to spend about 150 to 300 minutes of intense workout in a week. Sticking to a healthy and balanced diet would not only prevent weight gain but also present a good health as a bonus. Limiting junk food and avoiding untimed food or food when not hungry are the most vital points to be noted. Lastly a healthy sleep habit with scheduled sleep time would not only avoid obesity but also keep all the health issues at bay.